Arthritis is a collection of diseases that cause joint inflammation, stiffness, and pain. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis — the degenerative form of the disease. It develops as the cartilage in your joints wears away and leaves your bones unprotected.
Tendinitis is a painful condition characterized by an irritated or inflamed tendon. Tendons are cords of thick, strong tissue that attach your muscles to your bones. Tendinitis can occur anywhere throughout the body, but it’s especially common in the knees, wrists, heels, shoulders, and elbows.
A herniated disc can then occur when there is a tear in the weakened outer wall and it opens up allowing fluid to leak out and irritate the nearby nerves. The disc matter can cause pressure on the nerve which leads to pain down the arm or leg. A herniated disc can be the result of trauma or degeneration.
Sciatic pain can be intermittent and annoying, to feeling completely debilitating. It is based on the location of the nerve that is being pinched. The Sciatic nerve is the largest single nerve in the body, made up of individual nerve roots that come out of the lower back and combine into one nerve.
Whiplash and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) can be exhibited as a range of injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck called extension. Although it is commonly associated with rear-impact motor vehicle accidents, the injury can be sustained in many other ways, including falls from bicycles, chairs and stools, or even horses.
If you are experiencing localized back pain near your spine during movement, you may have a condition known as facet syndrome. Facet syndrome is a condition characterized by the decay of the facet joints in the vertebrae of the spine. This can lead to serious pain and difficulties moving.
Spinal Stenosis has a gradual onset and is usually not noticeable. While spinal degeneration is typically a slow process that occurs from natural wear and tear over time, it can be accelerated by an injury to the spine. Bone spurs, herniated discs or inflammation are usually the culprit causing stenosis. If the cervical spinal canal narrows and becomes too limited, the compression can cause neurologic deficits.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder that causes widespread pain throughout your body, as well as fatigue and other cognitive symptoms. Fibromyalgia might be due to abnormal neurological activity that affects the way your brain processes pain signals.
Piriformis syndrome is a condition in which the piriformis muscle, located in the buttock region, spasms and causes buttock pain. The piriformis muscle can also irritate the nearby sciatic nerve and cause pain, numbness and tingling along the back of the leg and into the foot (similar to sciatic pain).
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common orthopedic complaints. Plantar fasciitis causes pain in the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a thin ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. It supports the arch in your foot and is important in helping you walk.
Scoliosis defines any abnormal, sideways curvature of the spine, and typically occurs in individuals from 10 to 18 years of age. When observed from behind, a spine is usually straight. Neuromuscular conditions, congenital disabilities, or spinal injuries may spur its less common types.
Many people with a spondylolisthesis have minimal to no symptoms and only become aware after an x-ray is performed. Depending on the severity of the spondylolisthesis, it can produce symptoms such as neck or back pain after exercise, or pain and weakness in thighs and down legs when walking any distance.
Degenerative disc disease, also known as Spondylosis, is one of the most common causes of back and neck pain, and the most misunderstood. Contrary to its name, it does not necessarily mean that your spine will continue to degenerate as you get older. DDD is an accelerated degenerative condition of the intervertebral discs in the spine usually caused by wear-and-tear on a spinal disc.
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS or IT band syndrome) is an overuse injury of the tissues located on the outer part of thigh and knee. It causes pain and tenderness in those areas, especially just above the knee joint. Iliotibial band syndrome is more common in runners and bicyclists.